Module 2 – Motivation or Anticipatory Set

Dear user, this is a free e-learning course for the teachers. Take your time learning the material and assess yourself at the end of the module.

Name of the learning module: Motivation or Anticipatory Set in 21st Century Lesson Plan

Duration: 40 Minutes

Introduction – 1 Minute

You want something that will grab your students’ attention and get them to think. Motivation can be very useful. The motivation could be anything. It may be a question, a demonstration, or a physical activity…

It’s all up to you. Find what works for you and grab the attention of students.

Learning Outcomes – 1 Minute

In this tutorial, you will learn about

  • The importance of having an energizer at the right time in a classroom setting.
  • The differences between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
  • 4 types of students in our classroom in terms of motivation.
  • Various types of tools and techniques that help to motivate students and grab their attention.

Steps in learning.

1. Learn the key points – 10 Minutes

In broad terms, motivation can be classified into two types.

  • Intrinsic
  • Extrinsic

Intrinsic motivation (coming from within)

Intrinsic motivation refers to the instinctive pleasure students get when they learn something new or succeed in a challenge. Lepper and Hodell (1989) proposed that intrinsic motivation could be enhanced in the classroom by using:

  • Challenge – A moderate level of difficulty will allow students to experience a sense of mastery and competence when they succeed.
  • Curiosity – Students are interested in resolving inconsistencies in their experiences, such as learning why a penny sinks but a ferry floats.
  • Fantasies – Allow students to use their imagination to step out of real life.
  • Control – Students are more likely to be motivated when they perceive themselves to be in control of their behaviour.

Extrinsic motivation (originating from something external)

Extrinsic motivation refers to doing something because it has a separable outcome, such as awarding stickers for good results. This type of motivation is often used in classrooms, but its effectiveness has been questioned. Expected, tangible rewards (as distinct from unexpected rewards or verbal praise) have been shown to have a strong negative influence on other types of motivation. When you use extrinsic motivation help students to appreciate the value or utility of the task; this will help make sure students participate in the task with a sense of volition.

  • rewards
  • praise
  • privileges
  • attention

When is the right time for an energizer?

Children are busy people. But when it comes to school they just freeze. They have to sit still for a long time and that’s why they get tired. For some reason your students aren’t listening anymore. They are not focused and start talking. There are a lot of reasons why students get distracted:

  • It is the last hour of the day
  • It’s Friday afternoon
  • Students get tired after lunch
  • It’s Monday morning
  • The content is boring
  • The content is not relevant to your students (“why should I learn this?”)
  • You have been talking for a long time without interaction
  • The room is too hot or too cold
  • And many more

If you notice that students are losing attention for one of these reasons, it is time to think about a motivational activity.

2. Know more about motivation techniques  –  7 Minutes

3. Take the quiz and find out how much you have learnt – 16 Minutes


Welcome to your Motivation or Anticipatory Set in 21st Century Lesson Plan Assessment

Your Name
Your Email
Contact Number

4. Reflection – 5 Minutes

When do you believe motivation in the classroom is necessary and when do you believe it is not? Make your own inspiring activity and post it in the comments below or in the comment section of YouTube video you watched in this module.

We hope you had a good time learning the module. Use the social media buttons below to share this learning module on your social media profile.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *